Laravel

Laravel is an open-source PHP framework, which is robust and easy to understand. It follows a model-view-controller design pattern. Laravel reuses the existing components of different frameworks which helps in creating a web application eventually. The web application thus designed is more structured and pragmatic.

Laravel offers a rich set of functionalities which also incorporates the basic features of PHP frameworks. It also has a very rich set of features which will boost the speed of web development.

Advantages of Laravel

Laravel offers you the following advantages, when you are designing a web application based on it −

  • The web application becomes more scalable, owing to the Laravel framework.
  • Considerable time saved in designing the web application, since Laravel reuses the components from other framework in developing web application.
  • It includes namespaces and interfaces, thus helps to organize and manage resources.

Features of Laravel

Laravel offers the following key features which makes it an ideal choice for designing web applications −

Modularity

Laravel provides 20 built in libraries and modules which helps in enhancement of the application. Moreover, every module integrated with Composer dependency manager which eases updates.

Testability

Laravel includes features and helpers which helps in testing through various test cases. This feature hence helps in maintaining the code as per the requirements.

Routing

Laravel provides a flexible approach to the user to define routes in the web application. So, Routing helps to scale the application in a better way and increases its performance.

Route::get('foo', function () {
    return 'Hello World';
});

Configuration Management

A web application designed in Laravel will be running on different environments, which additionally means that there will be a constant change in its configuration. Laravel also provides a consistent approach to handle the configuration in an efficient way.

Query Builder and ORM

Laravel incorporates a query builder which eventually helps in querying databases using various simple chain methods. It provides ORM (Object Relational Mapper) and ActiveRecord implementation called Eloquent.

Schema Builder

Schema Builder maintains the database definitions and schema in PHP code. It also maintains a track of changes with respect to database migrations.

Template Engine

Laravel uses the Blade Template engine. A lightweight template language used to design hierarchical blocks and layouts with predefined blocks that include dynamic content.

E-mail

Laravel includes a mail class which helps in sending mail with rich content and attachments from the web application.

Authentication

User authentication is a common feature in web applications. Laravel eases designing authentication as it includes features such as register, forgot password and send password reminders.

Redis

Laravel uses Redis to connect to an existing session and general-purpose cache. Redis also interacts with session directly.

Queues

Laravel includes queue services like emailing large number of users or a specified Cron job. These queues hence help in completing tasks in an easier manner without waiting for the previous task to complete.

Event and Command Bus

Laravel 5.1 includes Command Bus which helps in executing commands and dispatch events in a simple way. The commands in Laravel act as per the application’s lifecycle.

Application Structure

The application structure in Laravel is basically the structure of folders, sub-folders and files included in a project.

laravel application structure_Whitelioninfosystems
Laravel Application structure_WhitelionInfosystems

App

It is the application folder and includes the entire source code of the project. It contains events, exceptions and middleware declaration.

Bootstrap

This folder encloses all the application bootstrap scripts. It contains a sub-folder namely cache. Which also includes all the files associated for caching a web application. You can also find the file app.php, which initializes the scripts necessary for bootstrap.

Config

The config folder includes various configurations and associated parameters required for the smooth functioning of a Laravel application.

Database

As the name suggests, this directory includes various parameters for database functionalities. It also includes three sub-directories as given below:

  • Seeds − This contains the classes used for unit testing database.
  • Migrations − This folder helps in queries for migrating the database used in the web application.
  • Factories − This folder used to generate large number of data records.

Public

It is the root folder which helps in initializing the Laravel application. It includes the following files and folders −

  • .htaccess − This file gives the server configuration.
  • javascript and css − These files considered as assets.
  • index.php − This file is required for the initialization of a web application.

Resources

Resources directory contains the files which enhances your web application. Sub folder are as follow:

  • assets − The assets folder include files such as LESS and SCSS, that are required for styling the web application.
  • lang − This folder includes configuration for localization or internalization.
  • views − Views are the HTML files or templates which interact with end users and play a primary role in MVC architecture.

Storage

This is the folder that stores all the logs and necessary files which are needed frequently when a Laravel project is running.

  • app − This folder contains the files that are called in succession.
  • framework − It contains sessions, cache and views which are called frequently.
  • Logs − All exceptions and error logs are tracked in this sub folder.

Tests

All the unit test cases are included in this directory. The naming convention for naming test case classes is camel_case and then follows the convention as per the functionality of the class.

Vendor

Laravel is completely based on Composer dependencies, for example to install Laravel setup or to include third party libraries, etc. The Vendor folder includes all the composer dependencies.

In addition to the above mentioned files, Laravel also includes some other files which play a primary role in various functionalities such as GitHub configuration, packages and third party libraries.

Author avatar
Amena Mulla
https://www.whitelioninfosystems.com
SEO Executive | Content Marketing

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